Sport psychology is a branch in the main psychology science which bases its investigation and studies in the main faces of this discipline such as motivation, psychosocial stress, self-confidence, state of mind, activation level, focus, decision making, aggressiveness, consistency or persistence, personal relationship or team cohesion in the field of sport.
‘’There is an increasing awareness about the relevance of psychology at sports as a decisive feature for the success and leadership of a team or player’’.
The specialized knowledge that psychology can provide about human behaviour in sports and its special methods to evaluate, study and understand, can be very useful both for sportsmans and coaches. Psychology will let us foresee and correct in time negative factors of the behaviour and attitude of the sportsman, it is crucial for the success and triumph of the team.
‘’The performance of the players is as important as the physical, technical and strategical performance.’’
So for these reasons it is essential to give the same value to the psychological preparation than to the physical, technical or tactical preparation.
Below we mention the 10 reasons why sport psychology has a positive impact at the sports performance:
1. Ideal mind status
It is an evidence that it is necessary to have a great physical preparation or keep a healthy diet habits to perform to the best, but it is also necessary to be mentally ready at the moment of competition. In sport psychology the ideal status to reach the maximum of oneself is known as the ‘Optimal Level of Performance’
2. The strengthen
Strength the players in certain moments becomes really important to reinforce its self esteem.
3. The Goals
Help both the player and the coacher to take benefit of the correct planification. Realistic goals and intelligent steps to reach them can help to reinforce the self-confidence of the players, keep their motivation high and avoid self-esteem problems.
4. Group Solidity
Group psychology can act in favour to the team to work as a whole. A united team it’s much more beneficial to the right play performance than a team with internal trouble.
5. The auto instructions
Las autoinstrucciones pueden utilizarse en el deporte para adquirir destrezas nuevas, para que la motivación aumente, para eliminar de hábitos negativos, para la iniciación de la acción o para el mantenimiento del esfuerzo en situaciones extremas o cuando el foco atencional ha de mantenerse durante un tiempo prolongado.
Además, sirven para potenciar la autoestima, la motivación, la atención, el rendimiento y ayuda a soportar mejor el cansancio haciendo que el deportista se centre más en la tarea.
6. Visual Training
Useful, between other reasons to reduce anxiety or also for the acquisition of new abilities.
7. Stress Control
Even it is necessary a certain level of stress at the moment of competition, stress can end up being a negative factor for the performance of the player. Psychology can improve the stress control management of the sportsman and also reduce the ‘pressure’ sensation, influencing in his performance expectations and focusing the attention in achievable goals.
8. The attention
The focusing techniques are very useful to improve the performance at the practice of a sports activity. Some of their benefits are: improvement of the emotional control, focus improvement, improvement at learning new abilities, improvement of the ability to withstand difficult moments at the competition.
9. Fruitful emotions
There are emotions that make easier the performance: the emotional status of the player determines exactly his performance at the field. It is very important to generate emotions that help the player to have a good performance at the moment of competition.
10. Support at the recovery of injuries
Injuries are one of the hardest moments that can be in the life of a sportsman, the psychology can be very helpful to accept an injury and overcome the bad times. It will help the player to come back gradually to trainings and keep the motivation during the rehabilitation.